ABBA SIKRA


ABBA SIKRA
ABBA SIKRA (or Sakkara), talmudic name of one of the leaders in the defense of Jerusalem against the Romans in 66–70 C.E. "Abba Sikra" is regarded by some scholars as an epithet meaning "chief of the sicarii ." Jastrow, however, believes the word sikra means "red paint" or the act of "leaping"; Sikr is also recorded as a name for Arabs. In the two parallel accounts of his activities, the Talmud (Git. 56a) calls him Abba Sikra whereas the Midrash (Lam. R. 1:5 no. 31), refers to him as Ben Batiah, but there is no doubt that both refer to the same person. The Talmud calls him "chief of the biryonim in Jerusalem," seemingly in a deprecatory sense, since this term is frequently used in connection with robbers and brigands (Sanh. 37a; Ber. 10a). He is linked with two episodes; the burning of the storehouses in Jerusalem, and the smuggling of his uncle, Johanan b. Zakkai, out of the city during the siege. The burning is recorded in connection with a dispute between the sages and the zealots . The sages wished to sue for peace, while the latter wished to do battle with the Romans. No conclusion was reached; but Ben BatiaḤ, who was in charge of the storehouses in Jerusalem, burnt them all, to R. Johanan's distress. The resultant famine led R. Johanan to seek the assistance of Abba Sikra in his plan to leave the beleaguered city. Abba Sikra proposed that R. Johanan feign illness and then death. He accompanied the coffin, borne by Eliezer and Joshua, the disciples of R. Johanan, and prevented the guards at the gate from stabbing the body.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.J.L. Rapoport, Erekh Millin, 1 (1852), 1; Derenbourg, Hist, 280; Guttmann, Mafte'ah, 1 (1906), 115; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 5 (1951), 229–30; Alon, Meḥkarim, 1 (1957), 249–50. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: T. Ilan, Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity. Part I: Palestine 330 BCE–200 CE (2002), 397, S.V. Siqra. (Lea Roth / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abba Sikra — (fl. 1st cent)    Israelite Zealot leader. He helped Johanan ben Zakkai escape from Jerusalem when it was besieged by the Romans …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ZEALOTS AND SICARII — Introduction This article deals not only with the group of fighters for the freedom of Israel known from josephus as the Zealots, but includes in its survey other groups with similar aims, particularly the Sicarii. Judea differed from the other… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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